Mapmakers

Adapted from the List of Cartographers in Wikipedia

Scroll down or click on a link to jump to a certain century:
Before 1400
15th Century
16th Century
17th Century
18th Century
19th Century
20th Century
21st Century

Before 1400:

Anaximander, Greek Anatolia, (610 BC-546 BC), first to attempt making a map of the known world

• Hecataeus of Miletus, Greek Anatolia (550 BC-476 BC), geographer, cartographer, and early ethnographer

• Dicaearchus, Greece (circa 350 BC-285 BC), philosopher, cartographer, geographer, mathematician, author

• Eratosthenes, Ptolemaic Egypt, (276 BC-194 BC) a Greek scientist, mathematician, geographer, and cartographer

• Hipparchus, Greece, (190 BC-120 BC), astronomer, cartographer, geographer • Isidore of Seville, Spain (560-636)

• Al-Idrisi, Sicily (1100-1166), Arab cartographer, geographer and traveller.

• Liu An, China (179 BC-122 BC), geographer, cartographer, author of the Huainanzi

• Marinus of Tyre (ca. 70 – 130 A.D.) was a Phoenician geographer, cartographer and mathematician, who founded mathematical geography.

• Ptolemy, Ptolemaic Egypt, (circa 85-165), a Greek astronomer, cartographer, geographer

• Petrus Vesconte, Genoese cartographer, author of the oldest signed Portolan chart (1311)

• Shen Kuo, China (1031-1095), a polymath scientist and statesman, author of the Dream Pool Essays, which included a large atlas of China and foreign regions, and also made a three dimensional raised-relief map.

• Su Song, China (1020-1101), horologist and engineer; as a Song Dynasty diplomat, he used his knowledge of cartography and map-making to solve territorial border disputes with the rival Liao Dynasty

• Angelino Dalorto or Angelino Dulcert (14th century) author of the earliest known majorcan portolan charts of the Mediterranean

15th Century:

Martin Behaim (Germany, 1436 – 1507)

• Benedetto Bordone Italy (1460 – 1551)

• Sebastian Cabot (1476-1557), Italian explorer • Erhard Etzlaub (1460 – 1532)

• Henricus Martellus Germanus (Italy, fl. 1480-1496)

• Donnus Nicholas Germanus (Germany, fl. 1460-1475)

• Fra Mauro (Venice, c.1459)

• Piri Reis/Hadji Muhammad (Dardanelles, Ottoman Empire, 1465 – 1554/1555)

• Johannes Ruysch (Netherlands, c 1466 – 1530) explorer, cartographer, astronomer, manuscript illustrator and painter

•Hartmann Schedel (Germany, 1440 – 1514)

• Amerigo Vespucci (Italy, 1454 – 1512)

• Martin Waldseemüller (Germany, c.1470 – c.1521/1522)

• Johannes Werner (Germany, 1466 – 1528) refined and promoted the Werner map projection

• Gabriel de Valseca (15th century), majorcan, author of several portolan charts of the Mediterranean

•Grazioso Benincasa (15th century), venezian (?), author of several portolan charts of the Mediterranean

16th Century:

Giovanni Battista Agnese (c. 1500 – 1564) Italian cartogapher, author of numerous nautical atlases

• Peter Apian (1495 – 1552) – Also known as Peter Bienewitz German geographer and astronomer, author of the Apianus projection

• Philipp Apian (1531-1589)

• Joost Janszoon Bilhamer (Netherlands, 1541-1590)

• Willem Janszoon Blaeu (Netherlands, 1571 – 1638) – Father of Joan Blaeu

• Giovanni Battista Boazio (? – ?) – Mapped Sir Francis Drake’s voyage to the West Indies and America

• Jacob Roelofs van Deventer, (Netherlands, c 1510/15 – 1575)

• Fernão Vaz Dourado (India, c. 1520 – c. 1580) – Portuguese cartographer of the school initiated by Lopo Homem

• Oronce Finé (France, 1494 – 1555)

• Gemma Frisius (or Reiner Gemma) (Netherlands, Flanders, 1508 – 1555)

• Martin Helwig (Germany, 1516 – 1574)

• Lopo Homem (? – 1565) – Portuguese cartographer co-author, with the Reinel family, of the well-known Miller Atlas

• Diogo Homem (1521 – 1576) – Portuguese cartographer, son of Lopo Homem

• Jodocus Hondius (Flanders, England, Netherlands, 1563 – 1612)

• Gerard de Jode (Netherlands,Flanders, 1509 – 1591)

• Jacques le Moyne (France, ca. 1533 – 1588)

• Guillaume Le Testu (France, ca. 1509 – 1573)

• Gerardus Mercator (Flanders, Netherlands, 1512 – 1594)

• Sebastian Münster (Germany, 1488 – 1552)

• Abraham Ortelius, (Flanders, 1527 – 1598) – Generally recognized as the creator of the first modern atlas

• Petrus Plancius, (Netherlands, 1552 – 1622)

• Timothy Pont, (Scotland, 1565 – 1614)

• Pedro Reinel (? – c. 1542) – Portuguese cartographer, author of the oldest signed Portuguese nautical chart

• Jorge Reinel (c. 1502 – c. 1572) – Portuguese cartographer, son of Pedro Reinel

• Diego Ribero (Portugal, ? – Sevilha, 1533) – Portuguese cartographer, author of the first known planisphere with a graduated Equator (1527)

• Sebastião Lopes (16th century) – Portuguese cartographer and cosmographer

• Christopher Saxton, (England, born c 1540)

• John Speed, (England, 1542 – 1629)

• Fernando Álvares Seco (? – ?) – Portuguese cartographer, who signed the oldest known map of Portugal, reproduced in various editions of Abraham Ortelius’s Theatrum Orbis Terrarum

• Luís Teixeira (? – ?) – Portuguese cartographer, author of an important Atlas of Brasil

• Bartolomeu Velho (? – 1568) – Portuguese cosmographer and cartographer

• Lucas Janszoon Waghenaer (Netherlands, 1533/34 – 1605/06) – Driver, cartographer

• Edward Wright (mathematician) (England, 1561 – 1615) – Mathematician and cartographer

17th Century:

Pieter van der Aa (Netherlands, 1659 – 1733)

• João Teixeira Albernaz (? – ?) Portuguese cartographer, son of Luís Teixeira, who was cosmographer major of the kingdom

• Pedro Teixeira Albernaz (c. 1565 – 1662) Portuguese cartographer author of an important atlas of the Iberian Peninsula and a map of Portugal (1656)

• Johannes Blaeu (Netherlands, 1596 – 1673)

• Vincenzo Coronelli (Venetian, 1650 – 1718)

• Guillaume Delisle (French, 1675 – 1726) • Petter Gedda (Sweden, 1661 – 1697)

• Hessel Gerritsz (Netherlands, 1581 – 1632), cartographer for the VOC

• Isaak de Graaf (Netherlands, 1668 – 1743), cartographer for the VOC

• Johann Homann (Germany, 1664 – 1724), geographer

• Henricus Hondius (Netherlands, 1597 – 1651)

• Willem Hondius (Netherlands, 1598 – 1652/58)

• Johannes Janssonius (Netherlands, 1588 – 1664)

• Johannes van Keulen (Netherlands, 1654 – 1715)

• Joannes de Laet (Netherlands, 1581 – 1649)

• Michael van Langren (Netherlands, 1600 – 1675)

• Alain Manesson Mallet (France, 1630 – 1706)

• Matthäus Merian Sr (Switzerland, 1593 – 1650) and Jr. ((Switzerland, 1621 – 1687)

• Herman Moll (Germany?/England, 1654 – 1732)

• Robert Morden (England, died 1703)

• Dirck Rembrantsz van Nierop (Netherlands, 1610 – 1682), cartographer, mathematician and astronomist

• John Ogilby (Scotland, 1600 – 1676)

• Nicolas Sanson (France, 1600 – 1667)

• Peter Schenk (Germany, 1660 – 1718/19)

• Johannes Vingboons (Netherlands, 1616/17 – 1670) cartographer and aquarellist

• Claes Jansz Visscher (Netherlands, 1587 – 1652)

• Nicolaes Visscher (Netherlands, 1618 – 1679)

• Frederik de Wit (Netherlands, 1610/16 – 1698)

• Nicolaes Witsen (Netherlands, 1641 – 1717) diplomat, cartographer, writer and mayor of Amsterdam

18th Century:

Giambattista (Giovanni Battista) Albrizzi (Venice, 1698 – 1777), publisher of illustrated books and maps

• Jean Baptiste Bourguignon d’Anville (France, 1697 – 1782)

• Jacques-Nicolas Bellin (1703 – 1772) Chief cartographer to the French navy

• Rigobert Bonne (France, 1727-1795)- Royal Cartographer to France in the office of the Hydrographer at Depot de la Marine

• Jean Baptiste Bourguignon d’Anville (France, 1697 – 1782)

• Abel Buell (1742 – 1822), published the first map of the new United States created by an American

• César-François Cassini de Thury (France, 1714 – 1784)

• Jean-Dominique Cassini (France, 1748 – 1845)

• James Cook (Captain RN) (1728 – 1779) navigator and naval chart maker

• Simeon De Witt (1756 – 1834) Successor to Robert Erskine and Surveyor-General of the State of New York

• Johann Friedrich Endersch (Germany, fl. 1755)

• Colonel Robert Erskine (1735 – 1780) Geographer and Surveyor-General of the Continental Army during the American Revolution.

•Joseph de Ferraris (1726 – 1814), Austrian cartographer of the Austrian Netherlands • Louis Feuillée (France, 1660 – 1732)

• Thomas Jefferys (England, c. 1710 – 1771) Geographer of King George III of the United Kingdom • Murdoch McKenzie (Scotland, died 1797)

• John Mitchell (1711 – 1768) Colonial British American mapmaker.

• Carlton Osgood (United States, †1816)

• Adriaan Reland (Netherlands, 1676 – 1718), linguist & cartographer

• Thomas Richardson – Scottish

• Dider Robert de Vaugondy (France, 1688 – 1766)

• John Rocque (England, 1709 – 1762)

• Matthäus Seutter (Germany, 1678 – 1757)

• Friedrich Wilhelm Karl von Schmettau (1743 – 1806)

• Matthias Seutter (Germany, 1678 – 1757)

• Daniel-Charles Trudaine (France, 1703 – 1769)

• Philip Johan von Strahlenberg (1676 – 1747)

19th Century:

John James Abert (United States, 1788 – 1863)

• Louis Albert Guislain Bacler d’Albe (France, 1761 – 1824)

• Henry Peter Bosse (Germany/United States, 1844 – 1903)

• George Bradshaw (England, 1801 – 1853)

• Agostino Codazzi (Italy, 1793 – 1858)

• James Ireland Craig, Craig retroazimuthal projection.

• Carl Diercke (1842 – 1913)

• Louis Isidore Duperrey (France, 1786 – 1865)

• Lucas, Fielding Jr. (c. 1781—1854) Lucas Brothers, Baltimore, USA

• Matthew Flinders ( 16 March 1774 – 19 July 1814) – Circumnavigated, Tasmania and Australia

• Matthew Fontaine Maury, (1806-1873) American, USN, oceanographer, meteorologist, cartographer, author, geologist, educator.

• Björn Gunnlaugsson (Iceland, 1788 – 1876)

• Charles F. Hoffmann (Germany/United States, 1838 – 1913)

• Pierre Jacotin (France, 1765 – 1829)

• Felix Jones (England, 1813 – 1878)

• Peter Kozler (Slovenia, 1824 – 1879), lawyer, geographer, politician, manufacturer.

• Victor Adolphe Malte-Brun (France, 1816 – 1889)

• Robert Moresby (England, 1794 – 1863)

• Thomas Moule (England, 1784 – 1851)

• John Tallis and Company (England, 1838 – 1851)

• Yuly Shokalsky (Russia, 1856 – 1940)

• Nicolas Auguste Tissot (France, 1824 – 1897)

• Philippe Vandermaelen (Belgium, 1795 – 1869)

• James Wilson (1763 – 1835) First globe maker in the US.

• Nain Singh Rawat: Indian cartographer.

20th Century:

A Robinson projection of the Earth.

• Erik Arnberger (1917 – 1987)

• Jacques Bertin (France, 1918- )

• Roger Brunet (1931- )

• Bernard J.S. Cahill (1867-1944) – Inventor of octahedral “Butterfly Map” of the world

• George Comer (1858 – 1937)

• James Ireland Craig (1868-1952) – Inventor of the Craig retroazimuthal projection, otherwise known as the Mecca projection

• John Paul Goode (1862-1932) – Created the “Evil Mercator” and Goode’s World Atlas

• Max Eckert-Greifendorff (Germany, 1868 – 1938)

• Hermann Haack (Germany, 1872 – 1966)

• Günther Hake (1922 – 2000)

• Richard Edes Harrison (1901-1994)

• Tom Harrisson (1911-1976)

• Eduard Imhof (1895 – 1986) – Oversaw the Schweizerischer Mittelschulatlas, the atlas used in Swiss high schools from 1932 until 1976

• George F. Jenks (1916 – 1996)

• Elrey Borge Jeppesen (1907-1996)

• Edgar Lehmann (1905 – 1990)

• John P. Snyder (1926-1997) – Developed the Space oblique mercator projection

• Rudi Ogrissek (1926 – 1999)

• Arno Peters (1916-2002) – Developed the Gall-Peters projection

• Erwin Raisz (1893 – 1968)

• Arthur H. Robinson (1915 – 2004) – Wrote the influential textbook Elements of Cartography and developed the Robinson projection

• William R. Shepherd (1871 – 1934)

• John C. Sherman (1916 – 1996)

• Bradford Washburn (1910-2007)

• David Woodward (1942-2004)

21st Century:

• Tom Patterson – Cartographer for the National Park Service, creator of Natural Earth

• Nikolas Schiller (1980- ) – Arabesque maps composed of kaleidoscopic aerial photographs

• Dr. E. Lee Spence, (1947- ) – Pioneer underwater archaeologist, decorative, historical maps showing shipwreck locations

• Waldo R. Tobler (1930- ) – Developed the First law of geography

• Denis Wood (1945- ) – Artist, author, and former professor